We are one of the largest History departments in the UK, with leading scholars involved in a variety of innovative historical research areas.
39 academic teachers cover diverse themes across all periods and around the globe, with a special focus on Britain, Europe and China as well as strong expertise in Africa, India, and Russia. These groups regularly meet and discuss members' ongoing research.
Groups and clusters
The research group Cultural History of War is a large and active research and teaching group formed around the Centre for the Cultural History of War.
It is dedicated to understanding the cultural attributes and representation of war in the modern world.
Our distinctive focus is to consider four interlocking themes:
- The body and corpses in mass violence and Genocide
- Population displacement
- Collective memory and the writing of war experience
Centre for the Cultural History of War
Over the year the Centre for the Cultural History of War has collaborated with the Imperial War Museum North and has held a range of conferences, lectures, events open to students, school students and the wider public.
At the core of the Centre is a team of established academic staff who co-ordinate and disseminate research both nationally and internationally. Historians in this cluster lead two book series with Manchester University Press: 'Cultural History of Modern War' and 'Humanitarianism, Key Debates and New Approaches'.
A new academic journal is also being launched, with the same title 'Human Remains and Violence'. Several members of this group are directly involved in leading the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute.
This area of our research has had direct impact on our collaboration with NGOs and educationalists. Members of this group research in English and in numerous foreign languages. They have received major AHRC, ESRC, Leverhulme and EU funding over the last ten years. We support a new generation of research students and postdoctoral fellows in this field.
The Cultural History of War research cluster also forms an important part of the department’s teaching, and we are keen to involve our students in these activities. At Undergraduate level history of war is taught at level 2 and 3. The courses offered by Professors Gatrell, Summerfield and Taithe, Drs Carden-Coyne, Dreyfus, Fuller, Geiger, Moore and Jones all touch on the central themes of this research group.
At MA level the cluster offers specialised courses on the history of war (War, Conflict and Culture), humanitarianism (The History of Humanitarian Aid) and public history (Public History: Historians and the Public Sphere) among others. The MA courses Film and History and Filming History has produced many prize winning short films which have been shown at the Imperial War Museum and in short film festivals.
Research group members are:
- Dr Ana Carden-Coyne
- Dr Jean-Marc Dreyfus
- Dr Pierre Fuller
- Prof Peter Gatrell
- Dr Till Geiger
- Dr Max Jones
- Dr Aaron Moore
- Prof Penny Summerfield
- Prof Bertrand Taithe (cluster leader)
Group member profiles
They work with a diverse range of other projects and institutions, and appear regularly in the media:
Dr Ana Carden-Coyne
Dr Ana Carden-Coyne's monograph Reconstructing the Body: Classicism, Modernism and the First World War was published by Oxford University Press, in 2009. Her next monograph is entitled The Politics of Wounds: Military Patients and Medical Power in the First World War, and is forthcoming with OUP. She is currently curating an art exhibition with Manchester Art Gallery and the Whitworth Art Gallery for the centenary of WW1, The Sensory War, 1914-2014, and organising a comprehensive programme of public events across the city. She is co-founder of the Disability History Group UK/Europe and is working with Kent University on a history of disabled veterans. She has a wider interest in disability in the global south, post conflict and genocide justice, and working with local and international NGOs in Cambodia. She has recently edited Gender and Conflict Since 1914: Historical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives (Palgrave, 2012).
Dr Jean-Marc Dreyfus
Dr Jean-Marc Dreyfus works on the Holocaust and is specialist of its economic aspects. He leads a major ERC funded research programmes "Corpses of mass violence and genocide" which casts new interdisciplinary light on the treatment of corpses in mass violence and genocides. This world leading project has led to a range of publications such as Cadavres impensables, cadavres impensés. Approaches méthodologiques du traitement des corps dans les violences de masse et les génocides (Paris : Petra, 2012) ; Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide: Destruction (forthcoming MUP, 2014); Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide: Search and Identification (forthcoming, MUP, 2014). He organises and participates to outreach programmes on the Holocaust and Holocaust education. Particularly, he organises the annual workshop at the Imperial War Museum North.
Dr Pierre Fuller
Dr Pierre Fuller's research centres on the social and political networks behind disaster relief during the escalating civil wars of 1920s China. Based on county gazetteers, news tabloids, and other local sources, it aims to capture street-level responses to drought-famine, earthquake and war in urban and rural communities across North China and Manchuria. Building on his latest publication, 'North China Revisited: Unsung Native Relief in the Warlord Era, 1920-21' (Modern Asian Studies, May 2013), his work aims to provide a counterweight to the international and institutional relief dimensions traditionally emphasised in scholarly and popular treatments of disaster in 20th century East Asia. He is currently at the beginning stages of creating an online resource on disasters in Chinese history.
Prof Peter Gatrell
Prof Peter Gatrell's interest in the history of population displacement include collaborative research projects on population displacement, state-building and social identity in the aftermath of the First World War and the Second World War. He is also interested in the UN and global campaigns on behalf of refugees, and published Free World? The campaign to save the world's refugees, 1956-1963 (Cambridge University Press, 2011). His most recent monograph is entitled The Making of the Modern Refugee (Oxford University Press, 2013. He is involved in education and outreach activities in the field of refugee history and the history of humanitarianism. Together with Dr. Jenny Carson (Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute) he has produced a series of public exhibitions and teachers’ packs on ‘Refugees in the post-1945 world’, including relief work undertaken by the Society of Friends (Quakers). Peter Gatrell is on the editorial board of 1914-1918 online http://www.1914-1918-online.net/
Dr Till Geiger
Dr Till Geiger's research focuses on the political economy of the cold war. Building on his book Britain and the Economic Problem of the Cold War (Ashgate, 2004), he is currently researching the transformation of the British Warfare State in response to the cold war, the nuclear arms race, and decolonisation during the 1950s and early 1960s. This project has resulted in an important article on 'The British Warfare State and the Challenge of Americanisation of Western Defence' in European Review of History (2008). He is also interested in the development of American foreign assistance from primarily humanitarian aid in the immediate postwar period to the support for Western defence efforts and on a more limited basis to pro-western third world countries in the 1950s and co-edited a volume on Ireland, Europe and the Marshall Plan (Four Court Press, 2004). As part of the department's outreach activities, he has presented paper to numerous local and school history societies.
Dr Max Jones
Dr Max Jones has particular interests in heroes, heroism, gender & masculinity; monarchy, empire & national identity; the cultural history of modern war; Antarctica, exploration & technology. Although primarily a British historian, he is interested in locating the British experience in context, through comparisons with Europe, America and the Empire. His early work focused on the British polar explorer Captain Robert Falcon Scott, RN, who died while returning from the South Pole in 1912. His monograph The Last Great Quest was published in 2003 by Oxford University Press. In a number of publications, he has analysed the origins of Scott's Antarctic expeditions, and the response to his death, in order to offer insights into a range of research questions regarding exploration, empire and masculinity. He is currently working on a new research project, which looks more broadly at the changing form and functions of national heroes over the last three centuries. He is currently co-editing a forthcoming special issue ‘Post-Colonial Heroes’, with B. Sebe, B. Taithe, P. Yeandel, J. Strachan, devoted to the post-colonial fate of colonial heroes for the Journal of Commonwealth and Imperial History.
Dr Aaron Moore
Dr Aaron Moore's first monograph, Writing War, which analyses in a comparative framework the writings of Japanese, Chinese, and American soldiers during WWII has recently been published by Harvard University Press in 2013. His second monograph project on childhood and adolescence in China, Japan, Britain, and Russia has been awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship. He has received support from the Leverhulme Trust, the British Academy, and the Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation for his work on youth narratives of war in Russia, China, Britain, and Japan. He is currently working on three articles, one monograph, and one co-authored volume on wartime childhood and youth.
Professor Penny Summerfield
Professor Penny Summerfield's 2007 monograph, Contesting Home Defence: men, women and the Home Guard in Britain in the Second World War, led to her current project on The Second World War in Popular Memory 1945-1979. This interrogates the strength of the British desire to keep alive the memory of 1939-45, seeking to understand when that desire began, what fuelled it and what the memory of the war has signified. The project explores the evocation of the war in political discourse, popular culture and personal memory from 1945 to 1979, and identifies and seeks to explain the continuities and contradictions within and between these different types of cultural representation. Summerfield has so far published three articles and a book chapter on various aspects of this theme.
Professor Bertrand Taithe
Prof Bertrand Taithe's (cluster leader) most recent monograph was devoted to French colonial violence, The Killer Trail, and was published with Oxford University Press in 2011; he has since edited a collection in 2012 with Tom Crook and Rebecca Gill Evil, Barbarism and Empire: Britain and Abroad, c. 1830-2000. He is currently working on a new edited volume with Pedro Ramos Pinto, The Impact of History, Routledge, 2014 and ‘Post-Colonial Heroes’, with B. Sebe, M. Jones, P. Yeandel, and J. Strachan for the Journal of Commonwealth and Imperial History. He has edited a recent special issue of French Historical Studies on Humanitarianism in French History. His next monograph with Julie-Marie Strange and Sarah Roddy, ‘The Freedom of Charity: The Making of Modern Civil Society’ deals with the establishment of modern charities and humanitarian organisations in the Victorian and Edwardian era. He is also collaborating on a range of contemporary debates on humanitarian aid with NGOs such as MSF. He is a member of the scientific Committee of the Centre de Recherche sur l'action et les savoirs humanitaires (CRASH fondation MSF Paris) and is the director of the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute.
In partnership with the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute (HCRI)
This research group explores histories of humanitarianism across different time periods and in a range of geographies. Our work highlights the global scope of histories of humanitarianism and their capacity to shed light on a multitude of issues and experiences, from the abstract to the most intimate.
It reflects Manchester’s distinctive expertise in histories of humanitarianism that cross disciplinary boundaries and which seek to engage with contemporary debates about the practices, policies, and representations of humanitarian action. We welcome interest from staff working on related themes elsewhere at the University of Manchester and from prospective research students.
- Eleanor Davey
- Jessica Field
- Pierre Fuller
- Peter Gatrell
- Jessica Hawkins
- Laure Humbert
- Kristy Ironside
- Luke Kelly
- Tanja Müller
- Sarah Roddy
- Julie-Marie Strange
- Bertrand Taithe
The group’s interests take in themes such as:
- Relief practices, such as responses to conflict, famine, and natural disasters, how local and transnational networks respond in times of crisis, and how such practices have evolved over time;
- Displacement, both across borders and within them, mapping responses at multiple levels as well as in global and comparative perspectives, and seeking to understand the meanings and narratives of displacement for those who experience it;
- Non-governmental organisations and international organisations, including the techniques these organisations use to raise funds, to communicate with different audiences, and to foster organisational cultures;
- Ideas and cultures of care, exploring what motivates action on behalf of others, how different beliefs and ideologies have conceived and influenced such action, and what frameworks have enabled or obstructed it.
Work on these and other themes within humanitarian history has been supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), the British Academy, the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), and the Leverhulme Trust, as well as by the University of Manchester’s Faculty of Humanities Strategic Investment Fund and its ESRC Impact Acceleration Account.
The group’s members actively engage in debates and collaborations outside of academia, working to open up histories of humanitarianism to wider audiences and to connect historical perspectives to current events.
A key platform for the dissemination of research on responses to natural disasters is DisasterHistory.org, convened by Pierre Fuller, and HumanitarianHistory.org is a pilot site under development by HCRI staff in consultation with Honorary Lecturer John Borton.
Conferences and seminars
Histories of humanitarianism feature prominently in workshops, conferences and seminars convened by HCRI, History, and the group’s members, including:
- The Quest for Humanitarian Effectiveness? (HCRI conference in collaboration with Save the Children UK, 2015)
- History of Chinese Disasters: State of the Field and Pathways to Public Engagement (History workshop in collaboration with the School of Oriental and African Studies, 2014)
- Humanitarianism: Past, Present and Future (HCRI conference, 2012)
- History department Research Seminar, which has recently featured papers by Emily Mark-Fitzgerald (Dublin) and Alan Lester (Sussex)
Recent publication highlights
For more publications please refer to individual members’ research profiles.
- Davey, Eleanor. Idealism beyond Borders: The French Revolutionary Left and the Rise of Humanitarianism, 1954-1988. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
- Field, Jessica. “Consumption in lieu of Membership: Reconfiguring Popular Charitable Action in Post-World War II Britain,” VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 27:2 (2016): 979-97.
- Fuller, Pierre. “Writing Disaster: A Chinese Earthquake and the Pitfalls of Historical Investigation,” History Workshop Journal 80 (2015): 201-17.
- Gatrell, Peter. The Making of the Modern Refugee, 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
- Gatrell, Peter. “Refugees – What’s Wrong with History?” Journal of Refugee Studies, Advance Access (2016).
- Hawkins, Jessica. “Historicizing the State in Development Theory: Michael Mann’s Model of Social Power,” Progress in Development Studies 14:3 (2014): 299-308.
- Humbert, Laure. “French Politics of Relief and International Aid: France, UNRRA and the Rescue of Eastern European Displaced Persons in post-war Germany, 1945-1947,” Journal of Contemporary History, OnlineFirst (2015).
- Ironside, Kristy. “Rubles for Victory: The Social Dynamics of State Fundraising on the Soviet Home Front,” Kritika 15:4 (2014): 799-828.
- Kelly, Luke. “Humanitarian Sentiment and Forced Repatriation: The Administration of DPs in a Post-war Displaced Persons Camp,” Journal of Refugee Studies, Advance Access (2016).
- Müller, Tanja. “Acts of Citizenship as a Politics of Resistance? Reflections on Realizing Concrete Rights within the Israeli Asylum Regime,” Citizenship Studies 20:1 (2015): 50-66.
- Roddy, Sarah, Strange, Julie-Marie, and Taithe, Bertrand. “The Charity-mongers of Modern Babylon: Bureaucracy, Scandal and the Transformation of the Philanthropic Marketplace, c.1870-1912,” Journal of British Studies 54:1 (2015): 118-37.
- Taithe, Bertrand. “The Cradle of the New Humanitarian System? International Work and European Volunteers at the Cambodian Border Camps, 1979–1993,” Contemporary European History 25:S2 (2016): 335-58.
This research group is interested in the history of politics and the state broadly conceived, including ideologies, policy, popular politics, and international politics. We build on innovative work completed over many years at Manchester in the development of new histories of politics, the fruit of an encounter between political history and cultural history.
The group’s shared research agenda currently focuses on the following themes:
- International history and the cultural history of diplomacy (Christian Goeschel, Thomas Tunstall Allcock, Oliver Bast, Frank Mort)
- States and economies (Kristy Ironside, Steven Pierce, Aashish Velkar)
- The press and the transmission of political discourse (Henry Miller, Frank Mort, Siavush Randjbar-Daemi, Tom Scriven)
- Universities and the politics of knowledge (Christopher Godden, Stuart Jones, in conjunction with the Research Group on University History)
Our research has regional breadth: we have specialists in Britain, continental Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Russia), the USA, the Middle East, and west Africa.
The group’s members belong to a wide range of international networks, and we have strong links (including a PhD exchange scheme) with the European University Institute. We are developing initiatives in the dialogue between history and public policy, and have a record of involving policy practitioners in our research activities.
We hold regular workshops and symposia, including:
- Political Violence and Assassinations (May 2014)
- Cultures of Diplomacy (May 2015)
- Transnational Cultures of Petitioning (June 2015)
- The (Manchester) Guardian in Local, National and Global History (April 2016). The call for papers is here: https://rylandscollections.wordpress.com/2016/09/14/call-for-papers-comment-is-free-but-facts-are-sacred-the-guardian-in-local-national-and-global-history/ Professor Stuart Jones is on the conference committee
Research students associated with the group include:
- Louise Clare, ‘Transnational and Cultural Comparisons of those involved in the Falklands War.’
- Daniel Edmonds, 'Race and the Communist Movement in Britain, 1900-1929'
- Sean Irving, ‘An Unrepentant Old Whig’: A Genealogy of Hayekian Liberty'
- Nicholas Loizou, 'Before New Liberalism: The Continuity of Radical Dissent, 1867-1891'
- Julia Maclachlan, 'Male Homosexuality 1945-70: Transnational Scientific and Social Knowledge in British and West European Contexts'
- Rachatapong Malithong, 'News from Burmah: the Role of the English Press in the Making of the British Empire in Burma'
- Christian Robinson, 'Errant Masculinities: Criminalisation, Violence and Colonial Governmentality in British India, 1820-1947'
- Liam Stowell, ‘Conceptions of ancient and modern civilisation in historical, political and social thought in Britain, c.1910-1940’.
Established in 2015, the Embodied Emotions research group at Manchester focuses on the formation, manifestation, and experience of emotional states in a long historical perspective, and with a distinctive focus on Manchester’s public collections. Read more about the research group at our Embodied Emotions website.
The group supports home-grown research in this area by drawing in postgraduates, postdoctoral scholars, and academic colleagues in humanities and cognate fields, and cultural collections staff. The group has developed an international partnership with experts in the history of emotions at the University of Melbourne node of the Australian Research Council's Centre for Excellence in the History of Emotions 1100-1800, and its members have curated a range of exhibitions, including Magic, Witches and Devils in the Early Modern World (John Rylands Library, 2016), and Marcantonio Raimondi and Raphael (The Whitworth, 2016-17). The group is also engaged in a wide range of public engagement activities and collaborations beyond the university.
Current research connected to the theme of ‘embodied emotions’ at The University of Manchester includes projects on:
- emotional objects and identities in the early modern world;
- sleeping practices and emotional regulation;
- environments, emotions and early modernity;
- emotions and early modern visual culture;
- cultures of mourning and supernatural phenomena;
- foodways and embodiment in colonial contexts;
- hair, embodiment and emotions;
- European encounters with early America;
- ageing, emotions and family life;
- animals and emotions;
- embodiment, emotions and the diagnosis of demonic possession;
- emotions and political culture.
The Medieval History research network is reuniting scholars who specialise in various fields of medieval history and cover a geographical range from Wales, via England, Northern France and Germany to Italy, the Mediterranean and the Middle East.
Our expertise includes themes such as mysticism, piety, crusades, Norman expansion, Anglo-Saxon England, and premodern world trade.
- Dr Georg Christ
- Dr Kathryn Dutton
- Prof Paul Fouracre
- Dr Jonathan Gledhill
- Emeritus Professor Nick Higham
- Dr Charles Insley (network leader [dux reticuli] and alderman)
- Dr Stephen Mossman
- Dr Irene O'Daly (JRRI research associate)
- Dr Paul Oldfield
- Emeritus Prof Stephen Rigby
All of our Medieval historians also participate in teaching the interdisciplinary MA in Medieval and Early Modern Studies.
Our joint research projects include textbooks and cataloguing rare manuscripts held at the John Rylands Library.
Artem longam, vitam brevem esse dicitur. Et vere: ars historica est ars longissima. Ergo tempus non perfundere sed ad lucrum solidum dedicare sapientes studeant. Cum solum aeones et locos remotos transeundus/a oceanumque historiae completum navigandus/a historicus/a historiae naturam intelligere possit aetas mediaevalis studiare non solum pulchre sed necesse est.
Don't worry - we have also English (and between us Anglo-Saxon, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Arabic and Ancient Greek). We are looking forward to hearing from you and speaking to you - in whatever language you prefer.
The Race, Roots, and Resistance group is a democratic collective of staff, students, and community members dedicated to the critical study of race and its impact on the lived experiences of people across temporal and spatial boundaries. We are a multidisciplinary group with broad specializations in the Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, and where relevant the Natural Sciences.
Our current members are interested in:
- Exploring the historical construction of the concept of ‘race’ and its evolution and operation under a variety of racial formations including slavery, colonialism, apartheid, and neoliberal globalization.
- Understanding the social, economic, political, and cultural legacies of slavery, colonialism, and apartheid in the societies we live, study, and work.
- Examining the ways in which People of Colour have thought about their experience of racial oppression and their agency to transform societies, cultures, and ideas.
- Documenting the strategies that People of Colour have employed to resist and transform racial regimes, including the formation of cultural and political movements.
- Developing new approaches to the study of race through engagement with critical race theory and antiracist, feminist, queer, and indigenous methodologies.
- Promoting inclusive learning environments in which students of all identities and backgrounds can thrive through meaningful engagement with the fields of multicultural education and culturally responsive pedagogy.
- Supporting a new generation of diverse undergraduate and graduate students to undertake critical research and professional activities in related areas.
- Developing collaborative grant bids to fund Critical Race research, study, service-learning, and work placements.
- Fostering a ‘scholar-activist’ mission in which research and teaching is oriented toward solving problems and empowering communities.
The Race, Roots, and Resistance Collective meets regularly throughout the academic year to share research findings and host public events to foster wider community awareness and understanding.
Clio's wings span the globe and the millennia. Our world history network is a meeting place for advanced researchers, from across the disciplines, interested in world history, currently reuniting researchers from History, English and American Studies, Chinese Studies and Japanese Studies.
We reunite expertise in different thematic fields and world regions with particular strengths in the histories of the city, migration, gender and war in transcultural perspective and the entangled histories of Europe, the Middle East, India, and China in the early modern and modern period against the backdrop of the Great Divergence debate.
We discuss our research in bi-weekly meetings and engage in joint research projects.
Research network members
- Dr Oliver Bast
- Dr Ana Carden-Coyne
- Dr Georg Christ
- Dr Eleanor Davey
- Dr Pierre Fuller
- Prof Peter Gatrell (network leader)
- Dr Till Geiger
- Dr Anindita Ghosh
- Dr Christian Goeschel
- Dr Aya Homei (Japanese Studies)
- Dr Steven Pierce (convenor)
- Dr Siavush Randjbar-Daemi
- Dr Philipp Roessner
- Dr Yang-wen Zheng
The World History cluster meets bi-weekly during the semester to discuss research papers of network members. Please contact the convenor (see above) if you are interested in joining us.
World History, in cooperation with Chinese Studies, has previously organised the following events:
- Wednesday, 13 February 2013 - Public lecture with Kenneth Pomeranz 'The Great Divergence'
- Wednesday, 17 April 2013 - Public lecture with Prof Prasannan Parthasarathi 'Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not'
- Tuesday, 9 July 2013 - World History workshop 'Connecting Currents: Histories of Migration in China and the Pacific'
- Tuesday, 6 May 2014, 4pm, Mansfield Cooper building G19,'The End of Empire? Disease, Population and Technology in the Age of Emergent Globalization' workshop.
Modern British Studies at Manchester draws together diverse expertise from within the department of History at Manchester in social, cultural, political and economic history.
Despite the wide ranging interests of members, the cluster has a series of intellectual and methodological meeting points for engagement, debate and collaboration: micro history, life stories, memory, the relationship between high and popular culture, personal life, consumption and cosmopolitan cultures.
Research network members include:
- Dr Christopher Godden
- Dr Max Jones
- Prof Stuart Jones
- Dr Chris Manias
- Dr Henry Miller
- Prof Frank Mort
- Dr Julie-Marie Strange
- Prof Penny Summerfield
- Dr Charlotte Wildman
- Dr Peter Yeandle
Many members of the Modern British History network are actively involved in public history and engagement.
Much of our research connects with that of historians across the School of Arts, Languages and Cultures, in the subject-areas of Classics and Ancient History, Archaeology, Art History and Visual Studies, Religions and Theology, and Languages.
Additionally, we collaborate and converse with historians in the Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM) and elsewhere. Interdisciplinarity is also institutionalised in the School's Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in the Arts and Languages (CIDRAL).