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People

History staff at The University of Manchester are listed here with their post titles and contact details.

Head of History

Academic staff

Emeriti

Professor Joseph Bergin

Contact details

Email: joe.bergin@manchester.ac.uk

Profile

Joseph Bergin has been Emeritus Professor of Modern History since his retirement in 2011, having taught at the University since 1978. He is a Fellow of the British Academy (1996), Correspondant Étranger of the French Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres (2011) and a member of the Academia Europea (2012).

His research interests lie mainly in the religious, social and political history of early modern France from the later sixteenth to the early eighteenth century, but also has strong comparative historical interests, especially in Italian, German and Spanish history of the same period. He has also been active for many years as a translator of historical scholarship from French to English, having recently translated Arlette Jouanna’s The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre: the mysteries of a crime of state, for Manchester University Press (2013). His most recent work is a book entitled The Politics of Religion in 17th Century France, due for publication in 2014. After which he hopes to write a one-volume history of France for Palgrave’s Essential Histories series. Formerly chair of MUP’s Editorial Committee (1998-2011), he continues to act as an editor of its Studies in Early Modern European History.

Professor Nick Higham

Nick Higham is Emeritus professor in Early Medieval and Landscape History in History, SALC, University of Manchester. His research interests focus on two interrelated areas: the History and Archaeology of the Early Middle Ages in Britain, and the Landscape and Settlement History of North West and North England in the Middle Ages. He has supervised many successful research students in both areas.

Contact details

Email: Nick.J.Higham@man.ac.uk

Telephone: +44 (0)162 587 4792

Dr. Nicholas John Higham
History
School of Arts, Languages and Cultures
The University of Manchester
Oxford Road
Manchester
M13 9PL

Principal publications

Authored books

  • The Carvetii Sutton, Tribes of Roman Britain Series, 1985, 2nd. Ed. 1991, 158pp (joint author)
  • The Northern Counties to AD 1000 Longman, Regional History of England Series, 1986, 392pp
  • Rome, Britain and the Anglo-Saxons Routledge 1992, 263pp
  • The Kingdom of Northumbria AD 350-1100 Sutton, 1993, 296pp
  • The origins of Cheshire 1993 MUP, 231pp
  • The English Conquest: Gildas and Britain in the Fifth Century MUP, 1994, 220pp
  • An English Empire: Bede and the early Anglo-Saxon Kings MUP, 1995, 269pp
  • The Convert Kings: power and religious affiliation in early Anglo-Saxon England MUP 1997, 293pp
  • The Death of Anglo-Saxon England Sutton, 1997, 234pp
  • The Norman Conquest Sutton 1998, 118pp
  • King Arthur: Myth-Making and History Routledge 2002, 295pp

Reviews

'shows brilliantly how the quite different historical contexts of HB and AC give rise to different Arthurs, both in terms of their symbolic figuration and of their political meaning. ...a marvellously detailed, accessible and thoughtful account not only of the origins of the historical Arthur, but also of the ways in which early texts can be interpreted in their historical context and through close reading in terms of the Old Testament models necessary for salvation history.' TLS, July 12 2002

'Voici une belle leçon d'historographie...Cette étude represente, en somme, un jalon essentiel dans les études arthuriennes, un ouvrage immanquablement a retenir dans la literature pléthorique consacrée au sujet'. Martin Aurell, Medieval Review, October 2003

''a valuable contribution to the case for seeing Arthur as a mythical construct rather than a historical reality' Barbara Yorke, History, July 2003

'an essential read for all concerned with the history of sub-Roman Britain or with Arthurian Literature' Stephen Fanning, Speculum, Apr. 2004

A Frontier Landscape: The North-West in the Middle Ages Windgather Press 2004, 273pp
(Re-)Reading Bede: The Ecclesiastical History in Context, Routledge 2006, 279pp

Edited books

  • The Changing Past Manchester University, Dept. of Extra-Mural Studies, 1979, 87pp
  • Excavations at Ordsall Hall Demesne Farm 1978-79, Greater Manchester Archaeological Group 1980, 36pp
  • Edward the Elder, Routledge 2001, 320pp (jointly with D.H.Hill)
  • Archaeology of the Roman Empire: a memorial to Professor G. D. B. Jones, British Archaeological Reports International Series 940, 2001, 355pp

Conference Proceedings

  • 'Early Field Survival in North Cumbria', British Archaeological Reports BS 48, 1978, 119-26
  • 'An aerial survey of the Upper Lune Valley' in The Changing Past ed. N. J. Higham, 1979, 31-8
  • 'Continuity in North West England in the 1st Millennium A.D.' ditto, 43-52
  • 'Native settlements west of the Pennines', in Rome and the Brigantes ed K. Branigan, Dept. of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, 1980, 41-7
  • 'The Roman impact upon rural settlement in Cumbria', in Rural Settlement in the Roman North, ed. P. Clack & S. Hazelgrove, CBA, Durham, 1982, 105-22
  • 'The Scandinavians in North Cumbria', in Scandinavian Settlement in Cumbria ed. I Whyte, Scottish Society for Northern Studies, 1985, 37-52
  • 'Roman and Native in England north of the Tees: Acculturation and its Limitations', in Rome and the Barbarians, Barbarians and Romans in North-West Europe, ed. J. C. Barrett, Oxford 1989, 153-71
  • 'Northumbria, Mercia and the Irish Sea Norse, 893-926' in Viking Treasure from the North-West: the Cuerdale hoard in its context ed. J. Graham-Campbell, Liverpool Museums, 1991, 21-30
  • 'Territorial organisation in pre-conquest Cheshire', in The Middle Ages in the North-West ed. T. Scott & P. Starkey, Leopard's Head Press for Liverpool Centre for Medieval Studies, 1995, 1-14
  • 'Patterns of Patronage and Power: the governance of late Anglo-Saxon Cheshire', in Government, Religion and Society in Northern England 1000-1700 ed. J. C. Appleby & P. Dalton, Sutton, Stroud, 1-13
  • 'The Saxon Conquests in Britain: literary evidence and the case for acculturation in the formation of Anglo-Saxon England' in Studien zur Sachsenforschung 11, ed, H-J. Habler, 1998, 135-44
  • 'Dynasty and Cult: the utility of Christian mission to Northumbrian kings between 642 and 654', in Northumbria's Golden Age ed. J. Hawkes and S. Mills, Sutton 1999, 95-104
  • 'King Edwin of the Deiri: rhetoric and the reality of power in early England', in Early Deira: Archaeological studies of the East Riding in the fourth to ninth centuries ed. H. Geake & J. Kenny, Oxbow 2000, 41-50
  • 'King Edward's posthumous reputation: an introduction' in Edward the Elder ed. N. J. Higham & D. H. Hill, Routledge, 2001, 1-11
  • 'The Anglo-Saxon/British interface: History and Ideology', in The Celtic Roots of English, ed. M Filppula et al. University of Joensuu, Studies in English 37, 2002, 29-46
  • 'Viking-age settlement in the north-western countryside: lifting the veil?' in Land, Sea and Home ed. J. Hines, et al. Society for Medieval Archaeology, 2003, 
  • 'Harold Godwineson: The construction of kingship', in Harold II and the Bayeux Tapestry ed. G. Owen-Crocker, Boydell & Brewer, 2005, 19-34.

Papers

  • 'Frontiers, Forts and Farmers: Cumbrian Aerial Survey 1974-5', Archaeological Journal 132, 1975, 16-53 (equal joint author)
  • 'Continuity Studies in the first millennium A.D. in North Cumbria' Northern History 14, 1978, 1-18
  • 'Dyke systems in Northern Cumbria' Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 28, 1978, 142-56
  • 'Two enclosures at Dobcross Hall, Dalston', CWAAST 81, 1981, 1-6
  • '"Native" settlement on the north slopes of the Lake District', CWAAST 82 (1982), 29-33
  • 'A Romano-British Farm Site and Field System at Yanwath Wood, near Penrith', CWAAST 83, 1983, 49-58
  • 'The excavation of two Romano-British farm sites in North Cumbria' Britannia 14, 1983, 45-72 (main author)
  • 'Tatton: Settlement and Land-use in one Cheshire Township c.A.D. 1000-1400', The Manchester Geographer NS7 1986, 2-17
  • 'The origins of Inglewood Forest' CWAAST 86, 1986, 85-100
  • 'Brigantia Revisited' Northern History 23, 1987, 1-19
  • 'Landscape and Land-use in Northern England: a survey of agricultural potential', Landscape History 9, 1987, 35-44
  • 'The Cheshire Land-holdings of Earl Morcar' Historical Society of Lancashire and Cheshire 137, 1988, 139-47
  • 'The Cheshire burhs and the Mercian frontier to 924', Antiquarian Society of Lancs. and Ches. 85, 1989, 193-222
  • 'Hough Hall: the trial excavation of a moated platform in Mere township, Cheshire', Chester Archaeological Journal 70 1990 (for 1987-8), 87-98
  • 'Settlement, land use and Domesday Ploughlands', Landscape History 12 1991, 33-44
  • 'Old Light on the Dark Age Landscape: the description of Britain in the De Excidio Britanniae of Gildas' Journal of Historical Geography 17, 1991, 363-72
  • 'Gildas, Roman Walls and British Dykes' Cambridge 
  • Medieval Celtic Studies 22 1991, 1-14
  • 'Medieval "Overkingship" in Wales: the earliest evidence' Welsh History Review 16, 1992, 145-59
  • 'King Cearl, the battle of Chester and the origins of the Mercian "overkingship"', Midland History, 17, 1992, 1-15
  • 'Domesday Book: its context and purpose', History 78 1993, 7-21
  • 'Gildas and "Agitius": a comment on De Excidio x,1' Bulletin of the Board for Celtic Studies 40, 1993, 123-34
  • 'Literary evidence for villas, towns and hillforts in fifth-century Britain', Britannia 25, 1994, 229-32 
  • 'The context of Brunanburh' in Names, Places and People, an onomastic miscellany for John McNeal Dodgson ed. A. R. Rumble & A. D. Mills, Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1997, 144-56
  • 'Bishop Wilfrid in southern England: a review of his political objectives', Studien zur Sachsenforschung13, 1999, 207-17.
  • 'The Tatton Park Project, Part 1: Prehistoric to Sub-Roman Settlement and Land Use', Chester Archaeological Journal 74, 1999 (for 1996-7), 1-61 (main author)
  • 'The Tatton Park Project, Part 2: the medieval estates, settlements and halls' Chester Archaeological Journal 75, 2000 (for 1998-9), 61-133
  • 'Britons in Northern England in the early middle ages: through a thick glass darkly', Northern History 28, 2001, 5-25
  • 'The Tatton Park Project, Part 3' Chester Archaeological Journal 76, 2002 (for 2000-1), 81-125

Encyclopaedia entries

  • 'The Danelaw', Raedwald, King of East Anglia', 'Wapentake', 'East Anglia: an Anglo-Saxon kingdom', in Blackwell's Companion to Anglo-Saxon England ed. M. Lapidge, J. Blair, S. Keynes & D. Scragg, Oxford 1999
  • 'Deserted Medieval Villages', 'Archaeology and History', 'Croft', 'Toft' 'Messuage', in Medieval Archaeology: an encyclopaedia ed. P. J. Crabtree, Garland Publishing, New York, 2001

Book Reviews

I have published numerous reviews of historical and archaeological monographs in Northern History, History, Speculum, Medieval Archaeology, Landscape History, Nomina, History and Archaeology Review, Albion, American Historical Review, History, Britannia, Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, Medieval Settlement Research Group Annual Report, Transactions of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, and Landscapes.

Virtual Field Trips

I have an ongoing interest in new styles of teaching and learning, having served from 1996-2000 as Dean for Undergraduate Studies in the Faculty of Arts. During 2003, I have been experimenting with web-based techniques of widening student access to visual material relevant to the medieval landscape, constructing virtual fieldtrips to Laxton Open Fields, Nottinghamshire, and Tatton Park, Cheshire.

Over the next few years, I propose to extend this to include a series of thematic virtual fieldtrips to different types of monument and/or landscape, focusing particularly on North West England. As illustration, the image above is a page from the virtual field trip to Tatton Park, illustrating the exploration of an early prehistoric site beside Tatton Mere, which was excavated as part of the Tatton Research Project in the 1980s.

Professor Patrick Joyce

Contact details

History
School of Arts, Languages and Cultures
The University of Manchester
Oxford Road
Manchester
M13 9PL, UK

Email: patrick.joyce@manchester.ac.uk

Telephone: +44 (0)161 275 3089 / Fax: +44 (0)161 275 3098

http://www.patrickjoyce.info/

Profile

I am a Emeritus Professor of Modern History at University of Manchester and from 2006 Visiting Professor of Sociology, London School of Economics and Political Science. I have published work on the following topics: the history of popular politics, popular culture, the nature and meanings of work, the history and theory of individual and collective social identities, the history and theory of the social, mercantile philanthropy, and liberalism and the city, the latter particularly in relation to governmentality. I am also interested in theory and the writing of history, having written on the subject of history and postmodernism. I am presently writing a book on the nature of the British state from the early 19th century onwards.

Research

My current book on the liberal state includes its colonial dimensions, especially India, and draws on a number of disciplinary fields as well as history, including science studies and governmentality studies. It involves consideration of the material and ethical fashioning of bureaucracy, extending into work on the forms and content of classics study and teaching, also of the history of the public school and the Oxbridge college. This research also involves the material forms of state formation in terms of communication systems, in particular the history of the British Post Office. My current research activities are therefore in the interdisciplinary, but especially historical, study of liberalism, governance and the state. I am also interested in urban history, and Irish history, especially the history of the Irish in Britain.

I am actively involved as a research convener in the ESRC-funded Centre for the Study of Sociocultural Change (CRESC, see cresc.ac.uk). This entails collective work in the theme of liberalism, citizenship and governance, with a concentration on material and ethical practices of government: states, cities and markets. This involves forthcoming publications on the new cultural materialisms, the assembly of liberal subjects, and culture, liberalism and governance. I am also a member of the Modern British Studies grouping within CIDRA, the Manchester University Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in the Arts. A major international conference on the rethinking of late 19th and 20th-century British history is in progress. At the LSE I shall be developing these interests in the history of liberalism, freedom and governance in a collaborative and interdisciplinary way.

Publications

Books

Work, Society and Politics: the Culture of the Factory in Later 19th-century England (Harvester, 1980; Methuen 1982); Patronage and Poverty in Merchant Society (Gresham Books, 1982); The Historical Meanings of Work (Cambridge University Press, 1987); Visions of the People: Industrial England and the Question of Class,1840-1914 (Cambridge University Press, 1991); Democratic Subjects: the Self and the Social in 19th-century England(Cambridge University Press, 1994); The Oxford Reader on Class (Oxford University Press, 1995); The Social in the Question: New Bearings in History and the Social Sciences (Routledge, 2002); The Rule of Freedom: Liberalism and the City in Britain (Verso, 2003).

Articles include

"Work", The Cambridge Social History of Britain, 1750-1950 (Cambridge University Press, 1990); "L'Inghilterra di Palmerston e Gladstone", vol. VIII, La Storia: I Grandi Problemi dal Medioevo alla eta Contemporanea (ed. N. Tranfaglia, Turin, 1986, 263-287) ; "The people's English: language and class in nineteenth-century England", P. Burke and R. Porter (eds.), Language, Self, and Society: A Social History of Language (Polity Press, 1991, 154-191; *"History and Postmodernism", Past and Present,133, Nov. 1991 (translated into Japanese, 1994, Iwanami Shoren, Tokyo); *"The End of Social History?", Social History, 20:1 (January, 1995) ,(translated into Spanish, Historia Social, no 50, 2004, III ) ;Roundtable on Joyce, Democratic Subjects, including Joyce, Response: turning to face modernity, Jnl. of Victorian Culture 1:2, Autumn 1996, 318-340 ; Foreword to John R. Hall (ed.) Re-working Class (Cornell Univ. Press, 1997); *"The Return of History: Postmodernism and the Politics of Academic History in Britain", Past and Present, 158, Feb. 1998; Re-thinking class, Histor (a Greek-language history journal concerned with new departures in history writing), 1998 ; "The Politics of the Liberal Archive", History of the Human Sciences, 12 ,no.2, May 1999 ( Russian language translation , New Literary Review, 2006 with a revised version of this published 2005, ed. Hans Erich Boedecker , Libraries As Archives (Max Planck Institute and Vandenhoeck & Ruprect, Gottingen); "More Secondary Modern Than Postmodern", Rethinking History, 5: 3, December 2001 ; A Post-modern Historian:Interview with Patrick Joyce, Historiography Quarterly, 2:2003 (University of Shanghai Press, in Chinese) ; The potency of things: a critique of cultural history, in Niall OCiosain (ed), Explaining Change In Cultural History (University College Press, Dublin 2005) ; "Material culture and cultural history", Ayer, 2006 (English language symposium on the state of social history, journal of the Society for Social History, Spain) ; "History: Great Britain: 1815 to their Present", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2008 (approximately 40,000 words) ; contribution to K. Jenkins, et al (eds), Manifestoes for History (Routledge, 2007) ; Joint editor, special number of Cultural Studies, 21, 2007, on "Culture, Governance and Citizenship".
* extensively anthologised in various readers on the nature of contemporary history, post-modernism and history, etc.

Professor Stephen Rigby

Contact Details

Email: stephen.h.rigby@manchester.ac.uk

You can also view my page at Academia.edu

Profile

Although I retired from the University of Manchester in 2010, I have remained research active. I have four main areas of interest in my research, all of which relate to the undergraduate and postgraduate teaching which I did before retirement. In all of these areas, I have tried to show how traditional medievalist scholarship and empirical historical research can be enhanced by an engagement with a variety of theoretical approaches.

The first of these research topics is medieval English social and economic history, particularly in the period c.1086-1530. Much of my work, including my book on Medieval Grimsby, my edition of the Boston customs accounts, 1377-99 and my article on late-medieval urban population in Economic History Review (2010), has explored urban economic development in the period after the Black Death and I have also published on town government and urban social and political conflict. My English Society in the Later Middle Ages attempted to provide an overview of the period and of the variety of sociological and economic theories with which historians have made sense of it.

My second area of research and teaching is late medieval English literature in its historical context. My Chaucer in Context was a survey of critical attempts to establish the social meaning of medieval literature, an area I also explored in my article on medieval defences of women for Chaucer Review, my discussion of literature as social ideology in the Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages and my Wisdom and Chivalry which discusses Chaucer’s ‘Knight’s Tale’ in relation to medieval political theory.

My third area of research has been the philosophy of history and the relationship between history and social theory. In particular, I have been interested in assessing the strengths and weaknesses of historical materialism and of Marxist historiography, a subject that I explored in my Marxism and History, Engels and the Formation of Marxism, in my article on ‘Historical causation’ and in the paper on Marx and Engels’s views on medieval society published in the Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies. More recently I have offered an assessment of Foucauldian theory in my discussion of Cabrera’s attempt to codify a ‘postsocial’ historiography.

Finally, in more recent years, my work on medieval literature has led to an interest in medieval social and political theory. Here I have published on Giles of Rome’s defence of contemporary social hierarchies, on the social and political theory of Christine de Pizan and on the use of Aristotelian ethical and political theory by late medieval moralists.

I am currently editing a volume for Oxford University Press in which historians attempt to locate Chaucer’s pilgrims in the ‘General Prologue’ to the Canterbury Tales in their historical context and future projects include an article on the representation of peasants in medieval social ideology.

Publications

Books

Edited collections

  • A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages (Blackwell, 2003), xviii + 665.
  • Town and Countryside in the Age of the Black Death: Essays in Honour of John Hatcher, with Mark Bailey (Brepols, 2012), xxxvii + 472 pp.
  • Historians on Chaucer: the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).

Articles

  • 'Urban decline in the later middle ages: some problems of interpreting the statistical data', Urban History Yearbook (1979), pp. 46-59.
  • 'The Grimsby lay subsidy roll of 1297', Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, 14 (1979), pp. 39-40.
  • 'Urban decline in the later middle ages: the reliability of the non-statistical evidence', Urban History Yearbook (1984), pp. 45-60.
  • 'Boston and Grimsby in the middle ages: an administrative contrast', Journal of Medieval History, 10 (1984), pp. 51-66.
  • 'The customs administration at Boston in the reign of Richard II', Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, 58 (1985), pp. 12-24.
  • '"Sore decay" and "fair dwellings": Boston and urban decline in the later middle ages', Midland History, 10 (1985), pp. 47-61.
  • 'Late medieval urban prosperity: the evidence of the lay subsidies', Economic History Review, second series, 39 (1986), pp. 411-6 (with replies by J. F. Hadwin and A. R. Bridbury, Ibid., pp. 417-22, 423-6).
  • 'Urban "oligarchy" in the later middle ages', in J. A. F. Thomson, ed., Towns and Townspeople in the Fifteenth Century (Alan Sutton, 1988), pp. 62-86.
  • 'Urban society in early fourteenth-century England: the evidence of the lay subsidies', in B. Pullan and S. Reynolds, eds, Towns and Townspeople in Medieval and Renaissance Europe: Essays in Memory of J. K. Hyde, B.J.R.L., 72 (1990), pp. 169-184.
  • 'Making history', History of European Ideas, 12 (1990), pp. 827-31.
  • 'Marxism and the middle ages', History Today, 41/11, (1991), pp. 26-8.
  • 'Marxism and the middle ages'. Reprinted in A. Ryan et al., After the End of History, (Collins and Brown, 1992), pp. 14-18.
  • 'Historical causation: is one thing more important than another?', History, 80 (1995), pp. 227-42.
  • 'Engels revisited', History Today, 45/8 (1995), pp. 8-10.
  • 'Marxist historiography' in M. Bentley, ed., Companion to Historiography (Routledge, 1997), pp. 889-928.
  • 'Approaches to pre-industrial social structure', in J. H. Denton, ed., Orders and Hierarchies in Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe (Macmillan, 1999), pp. 6-25.
  • 'Engels after Marx: history', in T. Carver and M. Steger, eds, Engels After Marx (Pennsylvania State U. P., 1999), pp. 109-43.
  • 'Medieval England: To have and have not', New Left Review, 236 (1999), pp. 154-9.
  • 'Death and old age in the middle ages'. Journal of Early Modern History, 3 (1999), pp. 80-83.
  • 'Robin Hood' and 'Social classes and social conflict', in N. F. Cantor, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages (Viking, 1999), pp. 363-4, 390-2.
  • 'Government, power and authority, 1300-1540', (with E. Ewan), in D. Palliser, ed., Cambridge Urban History of Britain, volume I (Cambridge U. P., 2000), pp. 291-312.
  • 'The Wife of Bath, Christine de Pizan and the medieval case for women', Chaucer Review, 35 (2000), 133-65.
  • 'Gendering the Black Death: women in later medieval England', Gender and History, 12 (2000), pp. 745-54.
  • '"John of Gaunt's Palace" and the Sutton family of Lincoln', Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, 35 (2000), pp. 35-9.
  • 'England: literature and society', in S. H. Rigby, ed., A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages (Blackwell, 2003), pp. 497-520.
  • 'England: social conflict and popular politics', (with J. C. Whittle) in S. H. Rigby, ed., A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages (Blackwell, 2003), pp. 65-86.
  • 'Serfdom' in J. Mokyr, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History, volume 4 (Oxford U. P., 2003), pp. 463-7.
  • 'Gendering the Black Death: women in later medieval England'. Reprinted in P. Stafford and A. B. Mulder-Bakker, eds, Gendering the Middle Ages (Blackwell, 2001), pp. 215-24.
  • 'Historical materialism: social structure and social change in the Middle Ages', Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 34 (2004), pp. 473-522.
  • 'Society and politics', in S. Ellis, ed., An Oxford Guide to Chaucer (Oxford U. P., 2005), pp. 26-49.
  • 'Historical causation: is one thing more important than another?'. Reprinted in M. Burns, ed. Historiography: Critical Concepts in Historical Studies, vol. II (Routledge, 2005), 27: 226-42.
  • History, discourse and the postsocial paradigm: a revolution in historiography?, History and Theory, 45 (2006), pp. 110-23.
  • 'Marx, Engels and the Middle Ages', in N. Fryde et al., eds, Die Deutung der mittelalterlichen Gesellschaft in der Moderne (Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 2006), pp. 147-80.
  • 'Social structure and economic change in late medieval England', in R. Horrox and M. Ormrod, eds, Cambridge Social History of England, 1200-1500 (Cambridge U. P., 2006), pp. 1-30.
  • 'English society in the later middle ages: deference, ambition and conflict', in P. Brown, ed., A Companion to Medieval English Literature and Culture, c.1350-c.1500 (Blackwell, forthcoming).
  • 'Ideology and utopia: prudence and magnificence, kingship and tyranny in Chaucer's "Knight's Tale"', in M. Davies and A. Prescott, eds, London and the Kingdom (forthcoming).
  • 'Three estates' and 'Theoretical approaches: social and economic history of the middle ages', in R. E. Bjork, ed., Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (Oxford U.P., 2010), pp. 1617-9, 1625-6.
  • 'English society in the later middle ages: deference, ambition and conflict' (see above), translated in Anales de Historia Antiqua, Medieval y Moderna, 42 (2010).
  • 'Population, 1086-1524' and 'Wealth and power: secular wealth', in C. Phillips and T. Phillips, An Historical Atlas of Staffordshire (Manchester U.P., 2011), pp. 38-9, 52-3.
  • 'Aristotle for aristocrats and poets: Giles of Rome's De regimine principum as theodicy of privilege', Chaucer Review, 46 (2011-12), pp. 259-313.
  • 'Medieval Boston: economy, society and administration’, in S. Badham and P. Cockerham, eds, ‘The beste and fayrest of al Lincolnshire’: The Church of St Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, and its Medieval Monuments (British Archaeological Reports, British Series, 554 (2012), pp. 6-28).
  • 'Political thought', in G. Owen-Crocker, et al,. eds, Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles (Brill, 2012), pp. 422-6.
  • ‘The body politic in the social and political thought of Christine de Pizan (unabridged version)’, on-line Cahiers de Recherches Médiévales et Humanistes, Études christiniennes, mis en ligne le 12 mars 2013. URL : http://crm.revues.org/12965
  • ‘The body politic in the social and political thought of Christine de Pizan (abridged version). Part I: reciprocity, hierarchy and political Authority’, Cahiers de Recherches Médiévales et Humanistes, 24 (2012), pp. 461-83.
  • ‘The body politic in the social and political Thought of Christine de Pizan (abridged version). Part II: social hierarchy and social justice’, Cahiers de Recherches Médiévales et Humanistes, forthcoming.
  • ‘Worthy but wise? Virtuous and non-virtuous forms of courage in the later middle ages’, Studies in the Age of Chaucer (forthcoming, 2013).
  • ‘Reading Chaucer: Literature, history and Ideology, in S. H. Rigby, ed., Historians on Chaucer: the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales (Oxford U. P., forthcoming).
  • ‘The Knight’, in S. H. Rigby, ed., Historians on Chaucer: the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales (Oxford U.P. forthcoming).

Honorary fellows

  • Dr Nicholas Banatvala - Honorary Research Fellow
  • Graham Boxer - Honorary Fellow and Director of the IWMN
  • Dr Linda Briggs - Honorary Research Fellow
  • Dr Paul Dawson - Honorary Research Fellow
  • Dr Stella Fletcher - Honorary Research Fellow
  • Dr Nicholas Mansfield - Honorary Research Fellow
  • Dr Robert C Nash - Honorary Research Fellow
  • Dr Beatrice Penati - Former Newton and Honorary Research Fellow
  • Dr Colin B Phillips - Honorary Research Fellow and former Senior Lecturer in Economic and Social History 
  • Dr Iorwerth Prothero - Honorary Research Fellow
  • Professor Daniel Szechi - Former Professor in Early Modern History
  • Ms Claire Turner - Honorary Fellow and Director of the Manchester Histories Festival

Dr Penelope Gouk

Honorary Research Fellow and former Senior Lecturer in Early Modern Intellectual Culture

Contact details

Address: 4 Chandos Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester M21 0ST

Email: gouk@manchester.ac.uk

Tel: +44 (0)161 861 7542

Profile

Penelope Gouk (BA Ox. 1977; PhD London 1982) has wide-ranging and interdisciplinary interests in early modern European intellectual and material culture, most of which stem from her fascination with sound as an object of scientific and historical enquiry. She joined Manchester University's Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in 1994, and in 2004 moved to History in the School of Arts, Histories and Cultures under the terms of a University Transfer Award funded by the Wellcome Trust (2001-2006). In 2008 she had to take early retirement on grounds of ill-health but, following her recovery, although not returning to work at the University, she has continued her research and writing relating to music and sound.

Throughout her career, Dr Gouk has organised many interdisciplinary conferences and seminar series that have led to edited volumes devoted to newly emerging areas of cross-disciplinary research. Between 1990 and 1995 she was Director of the Achievement Project, an interdisciplinary research programme funded by the Renaissance Trust, a project which focused on Western economic growth and technological innovation since 1500. In 1997 she organised a conference on ‘Music, Healing and Culture: Towards A Comparative Perspective’ at the University of London, and in 2001 she co-organised a conference on ‘Representing Emotions: Evidence, Arousal, Analysis’ at the University of Manchester. Her most notable research initiative at Manchester was the development of the `Manchester Centre for Music in Culture' (MC2), a network which existed to bring together researchers based in the North West region of England with an interest in music and its relationship to culture. Between 2001 and 2012 a group comprising more than twenty academics and postgraduates from the University of Manchester and other regional universities met approximately twice a year and maintained a discussion list.

Current Research

Dr Gouk's current research project investigates how and why Western explanations for music's effects changed between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. Building on her previous research into musical healing and the use of musical models in medical and scientific thought, this project explores how changes in musical practice fundamentally transformed early modern understandings of the human body and psyche, just as theories about music’s emotional powers had the effect of transforming music. She is currently preparing an edited book in collaboration with three colleagues on Music, Mind and Emotion: Historical and Scientific Perspectives. This volume has grown out of a conference the editors co-organised on ‘Music, Emotions and Wellbeing: Historical and Scientific Perspectives’ held at Queen Mary University of London in 2014.

Principal Publications

Books

  • The Ivory Sundials of Nuremberg, 1500-1700. Cambridge Whipple Museum, 1988.
  • Music, Science and Natural Magic in Seventeenth-Century England. Yale, 1999.

Edited books

  • The Second Sense: Theories of Hearing and Musical Judgement from Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century. Warburg, 1991. (With Charles Burnett and Michael Fend)
  • Wellsprings of Achievement: Cultural and Economic Dynamics in Early Modern England and Japan. Variorum, 1995.
  • Musical Healing in Cultural Contexts. Ashgate, 2000.
  • Representing Emotions: New Connections in the Histories of Art, Music and Medicine. Ashgate, 2005. (With Helen Hills)
  • Music, Mind and Emotion: Historical and Scientific Perspectives. In preparation. (With James Kennaway, Jacomien Prins and Wiebke Thormälen)

Selected articles/chapters

  • ‘The Role of Harmonics in the Scientific Revolution.’ In The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory , ed. Thomas Christensen, CUP 2002, 223-45.
  • ‘Raising Spirits and Restoring Souls: Early Modern Medical Explanations for Music’s Effects.’ In Hearing Cultures: Essays on Sound, Listening and Modernity, ed. Veit Erlmann, Berg, 2004, 87-105.
  • ‘Harmony, Health and Healing: Music's Role in Early Modern Paracelsian Thought.’ In The Practice of Reform in Health, Medicine and Science, 1500-2000, ed. Margaret Pelling and Scott Mandelbrote. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005, 23-42.
  • ‘In Search of Sound: Authenticity, Healing and Redemption in the Early Modern State Senses & Society 2 (2007): 303-328.
  • ‘Hearing Science in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain and France.’ Jl. History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 65 (2010), 507-545 
(With Ingrid Sykes)
  • ‘Music and the Emergence of Experimental Science in Early Modern Europe.’ Sound Effects 2, no. 1 (2012): 5-21.
  • ‘Transforming Matter, Refining the Spirit: Alchemy, Music and Philosophy around 1600.’ European Review of History (2013) 2:146-157.
  • ‘Music and Spirit in Early Modern Thought.’ In Emotions and Health, 1200-1700 ed. Elena Carrera. Leiden: Brill, 2013, 221-39.
  • ‘Music and the Nervous System in Eighteenth-Century British Thought’. In Music and the Nerves, 1700-1900, ed. James Kennaway. Guilford: Ashgate, 2014, 44-71.